Do you know your World War II leaders? Here are notable names from a challenging time in the world’s history.
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Adolf Hitler: Hitler was widely known as Germany’s leader in World War II. He lived in an underground headquarters in East Prussia for many years as he led the German and the Axis coalition during the war. He was an aggressor and was extremely successful in the first few years of the war.
Winston Churchill: Churchill was an author and the prime minister of the U.K. during the war. He was also a strategist and a great world historian. Churchill was one of the leaders of the allied forces.
Benito Mussolini: Mussolini served as the prime minister of Italy for 21 years, from 1922 to 1943. He formed the Fascist Party, which called for total obedience, nationalism, and aggressive military work. He was an ally of Hitler and joined the war in 1940 for the Nazis.
Franklin Roosevelt: He was the U.S. president during the Pearl Harbor attacks, which eventually led the country to be involved in the war. He died in 1945 and was replaced by Vice President Harry Truman.
Hideki Tojo: Tojo was the prime minister of Japan from 1941 to 1944. He was an aggressive army general but resigned from his post when he felt that Japan was going to lose the war. He was eventually executed when the war ended.
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Joseph Stalin: Stalin was the dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 until his death in 1953. The Soviet Union forces under his command played a prominent role in the defeat of Adolf Hitler, and eventually, of the whole Nazi Party.